News > International Meeting on "Caspian Sea in 21st Century, Ways of Sustainable Development" at Astrakhan University

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04:24 | 27/02/2020

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International Meeting on "Caspian Sea in 21st Century, Ways of Sustainable Development" at Astrakhan University

Astrakhan Travelogue - Part I By Dr. Mostafa Rostami

On Tuesday, February 19th 2020, I came to the Astrakhan University on behalf of University of Mazandaran and after the warm welcome I received from the respected Astrakhan University officials, I attended the meeting with the representatives and researchers of University of Gilan, Science and Technology Parks of Mazandaran and Gilan, University of Technology of Azerbaijan, Universities of Atyrau and Aktau in Kazakhstan, Dagestan State University, Astrakhan State University, Astrakhan State Technical University, The Consul General of the Republic of Turkmenistan and the Consul General of the Islamic Republic of Iran.



The Caspian Sea International meeting was held in the morning and evening. In the morning meeting, the Consul General of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Astrakhan, Mr. Mokhtari, the Deputy Minister of Science of the Federal Republic of Russia, the representative of the UNESCO Scientific and Cultural Organization at the Astrakhan University and the Vice-President of Gilan University of Technology, Dr. Mirhosseini delivered their speeches.

Various speakers at the opening ceremony of the international conference on "Caspian Sea in the twenty-first century" discussed the following topics:

"The importance of the Caspian Sea in terms of political, security, economic and cultural issues is not hidden. The meeting will require scientific discussions and solutions to the problems of the Caspian Sea region in the fields of Environment, Agriculture, Fisheries, Engineering, Cultural, Social, Economics and Politics." Saidthe President of the Astrakhan State University.

"Discussion and exchange of views on the Caspian Sea's environment, agriculture and future can be the top priorities for this meeting's topics" said the representative of the Russian Minister of Science.

"The future of the Caspian Sea, exploitation based on sustainable development of oil and gas mines, fisheries, environmental protection and sustainability, cultural and economic partnerships can be discussed at the meeting. It is very important to pay attention to the existing capacities and opportunities through the enhancement of scientific cooperation and the development of rational and beneficial solutions for the Caspian Sea countries. In addition, strengthening the relations of the Caspian Sea region universities in the form of teacher-student exchanges and joint research, in order to enhance the level of scientific, cultural and economic cooperation between the countries is highly emphasized" Said Mr. Mokhtari, the Consul General of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Astrakhan.

UNESCO Scientific and Cultural Adviser at the University of Astrakhan added: "As for the Caspian Sea, which is the necessity of life for us all, we have no choice but to develop and sustain the environment with all our resources. Recall that we have had good studies of marine resources and organisms over the years. UNESCO and the Caspian Sea Region Universities Association have so far addressed important issues, including economics and the environment in the region. In 1994 a Caspian Sea Environmental Protection Committee was formed to exchange information with each other. In 2003, a convention was established in Tehran on the protection of the Caspian Sea's environment, combating pollutants dumped into the Caspian Sea. The first step in the area was by MUK in the late 1980s and early 1990s, which was set up in central Tehran under the name of Ocean and Sea Studies. Later in 2012 and 2015, UNESCO conducted studies on the development and conservation of the Caspian Sea and the future strategy of the Earth for the oceans and seas. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, MUK did a good job of supporting the Caspian Sea regions' projects. We are all neighbors and whatever happens in the Caspian Sea, it involves us all. So we must be sensitive to its sustainable development.

The year 2030 is our vision of living in the marine environment and protecting marine resources. Earth's future strategy for the oceans and the possibility of living along the seas are clear to everyone. So we have no other way than protecting it and applying sustainable development principles. Evaluation and resolution of maritime problems have shown that a large part of the oceans and seas will soon disappear. Of course, among the various Caspian Sea region countries, Iran and Russia have played a more important role in Caspian marine science studies. The creation of active regional commissions such as the Caspian Sea Region Universities Research Commission will create a place where all countries can use the results of their studies.

With all these things in mind, I would like to draw your attention to the six key axes of the oceans and seas, and in particular the Caspian Sea, which we must constantly look at and study properly:

1. Sea health

2.Maritime security

3.Development of seafood products

4.Conservation of sea resources

5.Culture, civilization, and social relations of the people on the sea

6.Sea economy and welfare."

Dr. Mirhosseini, Vice President of Research and Technology of the University of Gilan added: "We need to take advantage of the opportunity to exchange knowledge and information between the Caspian Sea Region Universities at this meeting, the most important of which can be:


1. Water pollution caused by extraction and processing oil

2. Water pollution caused by industrial and urban wastewater

3.Pollution caused by the development of agricultural and industrial factories

4. Life sciences and coexistence in the Caspian Sea

5. Creation of Caspian Sea Database on Ecology, Water, Climate Change, Environment, Calcium Structure of Aquatic Species, Agriculture and Fisheries

6. In terms of cultural and social activities, it is suggested to hold the Caspian Day celebration or conference, establish a special award for Caspian Sea scientific and research activities in the fields of environmental science, art, archeology and history, tourism, new energy and renewable resources.

7. Providing a map of the Caspian Sea migration history

8. Atlas of Calcium Structure of Caspian Sea Aquatic Species

9. Gene bank on The Caspian Sea fish"

After a short break, the second session began in two separate halls with two themes of human, cultural and social studies, and industry, technology and environmental studies, where speakers gave presentations in the areas related to these topics.

I gave a speech on the common heritage of the Caspian Sea region crafts; and I emphasized on the commonalities of use, role and anthropology of products, and gave a brief report on the progress of my international research project which was also welcomed.

At the end of the lecture, I formally donated six volumes of my published books on traditional and indigenous art studies on the southern region of the Caspian Sea to the President of Astrakhan University.

The second part of the International meeting on "Caspian Sea in 21st Century, Ways of Sustainable Development" ended on February 19, 2020 with a commemorative photo at the Astrakhan State University Conference Hall.

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