News > An analysis of the performance of the first year of Kazakhstans new government in cultural and social areas

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22:03 | 10/06/2020

News Group: اخبار, اطلاع رسانی

News No.: 25835

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An analysis of the performance of the first year of Kazakhstans new government in cultural and social areas

by Dr. Mostafa Rostami, Faculty member of University of Mazandaran

About a year has passed from the inauguration of the new president of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. We cannot forget his speech at the inauguration ceremony on June 11, 2019:

"I officially swear to serve the people of Kazakhstan honestly, to follow the country"s constitution honestly, to strive for the rights and freedom of the citizens of my country and guarantee them for the people, and that I will do my duties as the president, the best way that I can ".

This part of the President"s oath shows that from the very beginning of the government"s work, protection of citizens" freedom and social rights were one of the main points of attention, and he since has committed himself to seriously changing the strategy of social policy and strengthening the social and cultural system of Kazakhstan"s multi-ethnic society as one of the top 10 largest countries in the world.

Kazakhstan has been the most advanced and stable country in Central Asia since its independence. Following the sale of oil and gas and agricultural products, as well as interaction with western countries, the country has been able to grow economically in recent years and increase the material quality of the life of its people compared to the past. This transformation can also be a good step towards cultural and social stability because poverty and concerns for subsistence make the path of cultural and social progress of a society narrow, uneven, and even destructive.

With effective political and economic strategy of the former Kazakh government, despite the totalitarian party of "Nur Otan" (Nursultan Nazarbayev "s party) in parliament and the government, acceptable infrastructures were provided in the areas of civil rights, individual and social freedoms, especially in regard to families, in the framework of the "Motherland" project. but the deep levels of Kazakhstan"s cultural community continue to suffer from the restrictions of the news, the media, and the press, followed by a lack of freedom to criticize politics by artists and writers.

In general, the stability of a country"s foreign and domestic policy is affected by various economic, cultural, social, and security strategies and factors. In all dimensions mentioned, what can have the most impact is cultural and social factors. Today, many believe in the greater impact of cultural diplomacy and its naming as "the soft power", because culture, through values, norms, identity, etc., influences the societies of the opposite country.

The concept of cultural and social strategy is to strive for mutual understanding, awareness, participation, and impact on the people of the community. Cultural and social strategy is in fact the definition, targeting, and interpretation of cultural and social policies, the main vision of which is to provide national interests and stability using cultural and social tools. Accordingly, one of the most sensitive issues of cultural strategy is the design and development of mechanisms, the use of cultural tools and capacities to influence public opinion, society, and even the nations of other countries.

For a variety of reasons, it still seems too soon to make a rational judgment on the performance of cultural and social policies in the first year of Kazakhstan"s new government, but with the glimmer of hope in the president"s oath of office, as well as the beginning of his administration"s work with the slogan of "constructive public discourse; the foundation of stability and progress" the recent administration seems to have a new determination to increase respect for civil rights, Individual and social freedoms and social welfare.

The outbreak of Covid-19 has brought the countries of the world into a new arena of economic and cultural interaction with its people and other nations of the world. Meanwhile, supportive policies for subsistence, health and wellness management, meeting the vital needs of the people, border protection strategy against coronavirus infiltration, and careful planning and implementation of home quarantine are new experiments to evaluate and measure countries" strategies for civil rights and social welfare. It is obvious that the countries that have made more efforts in this special situation for the social satisfaction of their people have strengthened the hope of their society. Kazakhstan is one of the countries that has had an acceptable record with proper economic and social management in quarantine conditions, such as paying living allowances, controlling the movement of citizens, managing health and providing the vital needs of the people; therefore, it is less damaged by the coronavirus.

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In addition to what was mentioned before, the executive priorities of the current government in the areas of cultural and social welfare in terms of the policy of gaining public trust are effective steps that can lead to the development of culture, education and the strength of the society"s spirit in the coming years. These priorities include the following:

  • Social assistance and payment of subsistence allowance to large families
  • Support for low-income families and guaranteed benefits
  • Providing food and educational and welfare equipment for preschool children
  • Providing hot food and providing school supplies and clothing for free and paying for transportation to and from school by public transport
  • Strengthening social assistance for orphans
  • Strengthen the effective support system for employment and welfare of people with disabilities And etc.

But it is clear that despite the recent changes of Kazakh society, these executive priorities in the areas of cultural and social welfare will not meet the growing demands of today"s Kazakh people, a demanding generation that, because of the geographical extent and abundant resources of their country, hopes for a brighter tomorrow.

I would like to take this opportunity to express my hope that the new President of Kazakhstan, Mr. Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, with the approach of "striving for stability and progress in their country and region" will give the people of Kazakhstan a new opportunity to understand the political and economic situation and the culture of today"s international community, while recognizing and believing in their national and regional capabilities as well as the new democratic approach, take bigger steps towards growth and development in the areas of cultural and social welfare and become a leading country in politics, economics and Culture in the region.

The two countries of Iran and Kazakhstan have many interests and commonalities on which bilateral relations are largely dependent. Although during the 70-year rule of the Bolsheviks, it was fought against this cultural originality, after independence it became clear that the best way to renew relations between the two sides is this common background, which can still easily and without any imposition, pull the two nations together.

The background and culture of the two nations can be analyzed and understood through scientists and poets, national manifestations, customs, language and literature of the two countries. The presence of Iranian people in different parts of Kazakhstan, as well as a large number of Kazakhs in Iran, has been effective in maintaining historical and cultural ties between the two nations. Historical commonalities, the religion of Islam, common customs such as Nowruz, commonalities between the Persian and the Kazakh languages, architecture, handicrafts, geography and the influence of important Iranian characters and the Persian language on the people of Kazakhstan can be used as a bridge for more relations between the two countries. Kazakhstan seems to be one of the countries closest to historically having great cultural commonalities with ancient Iran and present-day Iran. It is hoped that the current government, given the approach of stability and progress in the region, will be able to take more effective steps to further link the two friendly and brotherly nations by benefiting from the common energy and cultural and social potentials between the people of Kazakhstan and Iran.

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I wish the newly elected president and the people of Kazakhstan great success and progress.
Dr. Mostafa Rostami,
University of Mazandaran – Iran, June 1, 2020

This article has been published on the official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan in Kazakh. You can get access to this article in this webite by clicking the link below.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan

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