On the pretext of World Philosophy Day
The simplest definition of philosophy is to provide a way to live in pursuit of the goal of living well. The unique point of philosophy is its organization and precision in providing a way of life, as well as its derivation from logical methods. This logic goes so far that the Austrian philosopher Wittgenstein referred to philosophy as the "battle of speech against the enchanted mind."
Philosophy, from Kant's point of view, is "rational identification through concepts" and, from Avicenna's point of view, is "knowledge of the truths of all creatures." Philosophy is the key to living well, and according to Plato, philosophy is the "cherished pleasure".
Philosophy before the arrival of Islam in Iran was rooted in ancient Indo-Aryan thoughts and later these thoughts were influenced by Zoroastrianism and formed the Zoroastrian school; Mani and Mazdak are other pre-Islamic philosophers and Zurvanism is another pre-Islamic philosophy school in Iran. After the advent of Islam, Iranian philosophy has witnessed the presence of prominent philosophical currents such as the Peripatetic school, Transcendent theosophy and Illuminationism, and great philosophers such as Mulla Sadra, Avicenna, Khayyam, Fakhruddin Razi Tabarestani, etc.
Wishing to achieve the "cherished pleasure" of philosophy for all dear companions, we congratulate this day to all thoughtful people and students, and we end this text with a quatrain by Khayyam, the Iranian polymath, translated by Fitzgerald:
"For in and out, above, about, below,
'Tis nothing but a Magic Shadow-show,
Play'd in a Box whose Candle is the Sun,
Round which we Phantom Figures come and go."